Plant and Animal Life



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Some Plants and Animal Life at the Flatts as Observed during the 
17th and 18th Centuries

"Stand back my steed, let me review the scene.  

The Little River (The Bittenkill) at the Flatts pre-787.

And summon from the shadowy past the forms that once had been."

(From "A Gleam of Sunshine," H.W. Longfellow)

(Photo courtesy of Colonie Town Historian)

Trees

White Pine
Red Oak
Country Oak 
Alder
Beech 
Elm
Willow
Chestnut

Hickory

Wild Plum
Hazelnut
Maple 
Poplar
Cherry
Apple
Sumac
Birch
Water Aspen

Plants

Wild

Bilberry/ blueberry bushes
Strawberries
Wild grape vines
Irises
Sword grass (carex)
Wild asparagus
Charlock (natural mustard)
Mullein (nerbiscum and hopsus)
Bulrushes

Moss

Cultivated

Corn
Wheat
(people in New York City were willing to pay top dollar for “Albany Wheat”)
Hemp
Flax
Rye
Oats
Peas
Potatoes

 

Birds

Wild Turkeys
Partridges
“Heath – Hens”
Pigeons
Swans
Geese
Ducks
Widgeons
Teal
Brant
Martin
Chimney Swallow
Osier

Cerews
Wood sparrows
Heron
Aspry
Bald Eagles
Wood Peckers
Pheasants
Mockingbird (seldom seen)
Hummingbird (seldom seen)
Blackbird
Orioles
Crows

Insects

Gnats, gnats and more gnats
Flies

Fireflies 
Butterflies

Reptiles

Tree Frogs
Garter Snakes

Rattle Snakes
Bullfrogs

Mammals

Deer
Elk
Mountain Lion
Bear
Wolves **(Link)
Foxes

Raccoons
Black Squirrels
Silver Gray Squirrels
Striped Squirrels
Flying Squirrels

Fish

“Fresh Water” Herring
Pike
Eels
Perch 
Suckers

Cat Fish

 

Sun Fish
Lampreys
Shad
Sturgeon**(Link)
Bass
Porpoise (Periodically)
Sun Fish
Lampreys

(From the Observations and Recollections of:)
Peter Kalm                                         1749
Ann Grant                                          1760
Johannes Megaploenses Jr.           1644

 

 

Last Updated 9/21/00        Copyright © 2000 Watervliet City School District - All Rights Reserved