Local Frog and Toad Species
The Spring Peeper (Hyla Crucifer)
The Bullfrog (Rana Catesbeiana)
Bullfrogs are the largest frog in North America, measuring up to 8 inches in length. Their voice is deep pitched and can be heard at a distance. They are often olive brown in color, with brown spots over their body and feet. Bullfrogs like water and can be found in lakes, ponds, rivers, marshes, and swamps. The diet of the Bullfrog consists of insects, small fish, and other frogs. They are also the main source of frog legs in the U.S. Bullfrog eggs are laid in mats that float on the surface of the water. Tadpoles can take up to three years to mature.
The Green Frog (Rana Clamitans)
A very common species found in much of the Eastern part of the U.S. It is medium size and can grow up to 4 1/4 inches in length and also has a very large ear (tympanum). Green frogs are generally found close to shallow water and can also be found near debris that is rotting. The green frog's diet includes, insects, spiders, tadpoles, etc. Its voice has been compared to the twang of a banjo. The female lays 3,000 - 5,000 eggs at a time, twice during the breeding season. The eggs hatch within 3 - 7 days. Green frogs spend the winter at the bottom of the water body they breed in.
The American toad is a large frog, ranging from 2 to 4 inches in length. Distinguishing features include long paratoid glands and 1 or 2 warts in each dark spot on its back. Toads can secrete a poisonous substance if frightened which is toxic to most animals if they swallow it. They are commonly found in areas that have plenty of insects and moisture. The toad is primarily nocturnal, coming out at night to hunt slugs and insects and returning to the same shelter by day. They also migrate to their breeding ponds at night, with males leading. The record for longevity is thought to be held by a toad that lived for 36 years. Toads can be tamed.